The Santa Cecilia is a 5th Rate Frigate.
|Deck||Cannon Count||Cannon Size||Carronade Size|
The Santa Cecilia was a 32-gun, 12pounder frigate of the Royal Navy, Originally her name was HMS Hermione, under spanish service it was Santa Cecilia and when she was recaptured by the British her name was again changed this time to the HMS Retaliation and then the HMS Retribution.
Hermione was the lead ship of a six ship class of frigates, she was designed by Edward Hunt and the class was named the Hermione Class. Hermione launched on the 9th of September 1782 from Teast’s of Bristol. She cost £11,350.14s.4d to build, with a further £4,570.2s.2d spent on dockyard expenses, and £723.16s.9d on fitting out.
The Hermione was commissioned initially under Captain Thomas Lloyd who commanded her until she was paid off in April 1783, she was then recommissioned the same month under Captain John Stone who sailed her to Nova Scotia on the 17th of October, after which she was paid off in 1785. It is possible the Santa Cecilia was recommissioned under Captain William H. Rickets during the Spanish Armament of 1790 however this is not certain. It is however known that between October 1790 and June 1792 she underwent repairs and after the repairs she spend a period of refitting at Chattam until January 1793. She was recommissioned under Captain John Hills in December and she set sail for Jamaica on the 10th of March 1793.
The Hermione served in the West Indies during the early years of the French Revolutionary Wars. On the 4th of June she participated in the British attack on Port-au-Prince, where she led a small squadron that accompanied the troop transports. During the attack Hermione had five men killed and six wounded.The British did capture the town and its defences and in taking the port they also captured a number of merchant vessels. Hermione was among the vessels that shared in the capture on 17th of July of the Lady Walterstasse. Hills died from yellow fever at Port Royal, Jamaica in september 1794. Captain Philip Wilkinson replaced Hills and was himself replaced in February 1797 by Hugh Pigot. Pigot was a cruel officer who meted out severe and arbitrary punishment to his crew. During a nine month period as captain of his previous command HMS Success he ordered at least 85 floggings, the equivalent of half the crew and 2 men died from their injuries. Hermione was sent to patrol the Mona Passage between the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico. Under Pigot she destroyed three privateers at Puerto Rico on the 22nd of March 1797. On the 20th of April she was the lead ship in a squadron which cut out nine ships at the battle of Jean-Rabel without suffering any casualties. On the 6th of September 1797 she was in company with HMS Diligence and HMS Renommee when Diligence captured a 6gun packet ship with troops on board.
Midshipman David Casey was an experienced junior officer who had distinguished himself to Captain Pigot during the previous months, but his disrating was one of the primary triggers to the mutiny. About a week before the mutiny, Casey was at his station on the main top, and the captain noticed that a gasket, one of the ties that held the sail securely, had not been tied by one of the sailors under his supervision. Casey was brought before the captain, and apologised for the oversight and took responsibility for it. The captain demanded that Casey apologise on his knees, a completely unacceptable and debasing demand for a gentleman. Casey refused to be humiliated in such a way. Pigot offered him one more opportunity and when Casey once more refused, the captain ordered that Casey receive 12 lashes (more commonly a sailor's punishment than that of a junior officer), and he was disrated, which would effectively end his career as a naval officer. Casey was a popular officer amongst the crew and they felt that he was punished unfairly. The topmen began to plot mutiny. Pigot had also developed the practice of frequently flogging the last sailor down from working aloft. On 20 September 1797, Pigot ordered the topsails to be reefed after a squall struck the ship. Dissatisfied with the speed of the operation because "these would be the yard-arm men, the most skilful topmen" he gave the order that the last men off the yard would be flogged. This policy was particularly unreasonable as the men would be spaced along the yard, and the two whose stations were furthest out would always be the last down. Three young sailors, in their haste to get down, fell to their deaths on the deck. One of the sailors hit and injured the master, Mr. Southcott. Pigot ordered their bodies thrown into the sea with the words "throw the lubbers overboard"; a particularly offensive insult in the seaman's vocabulary. He then instructed two boatswain's mates to flog the rest of the topmen when they complained. The topmen were also flogged the next morning. The combination of the humiliation of Casey, the deaths of the topmen, and the severe punishment of the rest of the sailors appears to have driven the crew to mutiny. These factors, however, were arguably the final events in a series of harsh and brutal punishments by the captain. Dudley Pope, in his book The Black Ship, argues that it was not Pigot's cruelty that drove the men to mutiny but the general injustice that he showed in his favouritism to some and overly harsh punishment of others. Had Pigot remained more even-handed in his leadership, the mutiny might have been avoided. The evening of 21 September 1797, a number of the crew, drunk on stolen rum, rushed Pigot's cabin and forced their way in after overpowering the marine stationed outside. They hacked at Pigot with knives and cutlasses before throwing him overboard. The mutineers, probably led by a core group of just 18 men, went on to murder another eight of Hermione's officers: the first lieutenant, Samuel Reed; the second lieutenant, Archibald Douglas; the third lieutenant, Henry Foreshaw; the marine commander, Lieutenant McIntosh; Boatswain William Martin; Purser Stephen Turner Pacey; Surgeon H.T. Sansum; and the captain's clerk. Two midshipmen were also killed, and all the bodies were thrown overboard. Three warrant officers survived: the gunner and carpenter were spared because they were considered useful to the ship, and Southcott the master was spared so he could navigate. Southcott lived to be a key witness, along with Casey, who was also spared, and their eyewitness accounts and testimony were key to the trials of many of the mutineers. Three petty officers joined the mutiny, one midshipman, Surgeon's Mate Cronin, and Master's Mate Turner. Fearing retribution for their actions, the mutineers decided to navigate the ship toward Spanish waters. One reason the master's life was spared was that Turner could not navigate the ship properly without his help. The Hermione sailed to La Guaira, where they handed the ship over to the Spanish authorities. The mutineers claimed they had set the officers adrift in a small boat, as had happened in the mutiny on the Bounty some eight years earlier. The Spanish gave the mutineers just 25 dollars each in return and presented them with the options of joining the Spanish army, heavy labour, or refitting their ship. The Spaniards took Hermione into service under the name Santa Cecilia; her crew included 25 of her former crew, who remained under Spanish guard.
Meanwhile, news of the Hermione reached Admiral Sir Hyde Parker when the Diligence captured a Spanish schooner. Parker wrote to the governor of La Guaira, demanding the return of the ship and the surrender of the mutineers. Meanwhile he despatched HMS Magicienne under Captain Henry Ricketts to commence negotiations. He also set up a system of informers and posted rewards that eventually led to the capture of 33 of the mutineers, some of whom were tried aboard HMS York, and at least one aboard HMS Gladiator. Of these, 24 were hanged and gibbetted, one was transported, and eight were acquitted or pardoned. To Parker's fury, Admiral Richard Rodney Bligh had issued pardons to several mutineers. Acting against regulations Parker forced Bligh to resign his command and return to Britain in the summer of 1799. Hermione, under the command of Captain Don Ramon de Chalas, had meanwhile sat in Puerto Cabello until Captain Edward Hamilton, aboard HMS Surprise, cut her out of the harbour on 25 October 1799. Hamilton led a boarding party to retake the Hermione and, after an exceptionally bloody action, sailed her out of danger under Spanish gunfire. The Spanish casualties included 119 dead; the British took 231 Spaniards prisoner, while another 15 jumped or fell overboard. Hamilton had 11 men injured, four seriously, but none killed. Hamilton himself was severely wounded. For his daring exploit, Hamilton was made a knight by letters patent, a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath on the 2nd of January 1815 and became a baronet on the 20th of October 1818. The Jamaica House of Assembly awarded him a sword worth 300 guineas, and the City of London awarded him the Freedom of the City in a public dinner on the 25th of October 1800. In 1847, the Admiralty awarded Hamilton a gold medal for the recapture of Hermione, and the Naval General Service Medal with the clasp, "Surprise with Hermione", to the seven surviving claimants from the action.
Parker renamed the Santa Cecilia the Retaliation when she returned to British service. In late 1799 or early 1800 the Retaliation captured Three vessels. These were the two American brigs the Gracey,the Peggy, and the Danish sloop Sisters.
The Admiralty then renamed the Retaliation to the Retribution on the 31st of January 1800. She was recommissioned in September 1800 at Jamaica under Captain Samuel Forster. Apparently the Retribution detained an American schooner sailing from Port Republic with a cargo of coffee and logwood. In early 1801 the Retribution detained the Spanish schooner La Linda and the American schooner Sea Horse, both were sent to Jamaica. On the 1st of OCtober Melampus, Juno and Retribution were in company when they captured the Aquila.
Retribution arrived at Portsmouth in the third week of January 1802 and subsequently she was fitted at Woolwich in October 1803 for service for Trinity house and in june of 1805 she was finally broken up.
How to get Crafting recipe
Currently the Santa Cecilia is a "special ship for special circumstances" as such the crafting recipe of the Santa Cecilia does not currently exist.
|OlavDeng2||28th of July 2016|